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MLA Help: In-text Citations

Gateway Libraries

Introduction

When quoting or paraphrasing another person's words or ideas, you must give credit to that person.  You do this with an in-text citation.  An in-text citation is in parenthesis at the end of the phrase or sentence(s) you are quoting or paraphrasing.  The citation includes the person's name followed by the page number, if available, like this:  (author's last name page number).With a web site, where there is usually no page numbers, just list the author's last name.

Examples

When the author's name is part of the text, list just the page number:

EXAMPLE:  Wordsworth extensively explored the role of emotion in the creative process (263).

When the author's name is not part of the text, list the name and page number

EXAMPLE:  Romantic poetry is characterized by the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (Wordsworth 263).

The citation for your Works Cited page:

Wordsworth, William. The Complete Poetical Works of William Wordsworth. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1932. Print.


When using a web site, with no page number, list just the author's name

EXAMPLE:  The incident at Virginia Tech involved a greater number of deaths than any campus shooting in U.S. history (Johnson).

The citation for your Works Cited page:

Johnson, Alex. "Worst U.S. Shooting Ever Kills 33 on Va. Campus." MSNBC. Microsoft, 16 April 2007. Web. 15 Jan. 2008.


When there is no author, use a short form of the title, followed by the page number

EXAMPLE: As of 2001, at least three hundred towns and municipalities had considered legislation regulating use of cell phones while driving ("Lawmakers" 2).

The citation for your Works Cited page:

"Lawmakers drive message home. " Telegraph - Herald  22  Nov. 2007: A8. ProQuest Newsstand. ProQuest. Web. 20 Aug. 2009.


When there are two authors, list both names, followed by the page number

EXAMPLE: Experts in the affect of trauma should be more extensively involved in the formulation of disaster response policy (Fairbank and Gerrity 317).

Citation for your Works Cited page:

Fairbank, John A., and Ellen T. Gerrity. "Making Trauma Intervention Principles Public Policy." Psychiatry 70.4 (2007): 316-319. ProQuest. Web. 5 Feb. 2008.