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MLA Help: Films, Videos, Television, Music, Radio

Gateway Libraries


Formatting is important! 

√   Double-space within and between each entry.

√   The first line of each source starts at the left margin and all lines after are indented five space.  (Called a hanging indent)

(For space reasons, not all examples are set up with full format requirements)

Films, Television, Radio

Citations for audio/video materials include the author (if available), the title, producing company and date.  Other elements vary depending on the type of material. Follow the examples below and refer to the MLA Handbook, if necessary.

Television or Radio Program

"Cuba and Cocaine." Narr. Bill Moyers.  Frontline. Documentary Consortium. PBS. WTVS, Miami. 18 Jan. 1990. Television.

Films (DVDs, VHS) 

Title of film. Director (if available) first name, last name. Distributor, Year. Format


Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Dir. Denise Guyen. SVE Inc. 1988. DVD

It's a Wonderful Life. Dir. Frank Capra. Perf. James Stewart, Donna Reed, Lionel Barrymore, and Thomas Mitchell. RKO, 1946. DVD

Videos from YouTube or another web site

Hillary Clinton Sopranos Parody. 19 June 2007. YouTube. Web. 25 April 2009.

Musical Recordings

Begin the citation with the name of either the composer or the performer, followed by the title of the recording, the performer (if not put first), the format (CD, audio cassette or LP), the manufacturer and the year. 

Performer and composer are the same or no composer:
Lewiston, David. Fiestas of Peru: Music of the High Andes. CD. Nonesuch Records, 1995.

Composer and Performer:
Guthrie, Woody. Peter Seeger Sings Woody Guthrie. Perf. Pete Seeger. Audio cassette. Folkways, 1968.