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MLA Help: Other Sources

Gateway Libraries


Formatting is important! 

√   Double-space within and between each entry.

√   The first line of each source starts at the left margin and all lines after are indented five space.  (Called a hanging indent)

(For space reasons, not all examples are set up with full format requirements)


Begin with the name of the person being interviewed, followed by the title of the interview in quotation marks, if it is part of a program. If there is no title for the interview, call it Interview.  If you personally conducted the interview, name the person you interviewed, the kind of interview and the date, as shown in the example below.

Blair, Tony. Interview by David Dimbleby. Question Time. BBC 1. London. 6 July 2004.

Kumar, Pranab. Personal Interview. 20 Sept. 2004

Interview found online:
McKay, John. Interview by Derek Wang. KUOW News. KUOW, Seattle, 15 March 2007. Radio. 24 April 2008.


Painting found online:
Lawrence, Jacob. Revolt on the Amistad. National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, 1989. Web. 25 July 2008.

Photograph found online:
Liebowitz, Annie. Monument Valley. Brooklyn Museum, New York, 1993. Web. 8 Feb. 2008

Map found online:
"Africa Population Density." Map. Perry-Castaneda Library Map Collection. University of Text at Austin, 22 Jun 2007. Web. 10 Jan. 2008.

Government Documents

Generally you will not know the author of a government document.  When that is the case, cite the government agency that issued the work as the author.  State the name of the government first, followed by the agency's name.  Abbreviate common words such as department (Dept.)  Follow the guidelines in section 5.6.21 of the MLA Handbook if the work you are citing is not in the examples below.

If the author is known, you can either begin the citation with the government agency, as in the examples above, and list the author's name after the document title, preceded by the word "By" or an abbreviation, such as Ed.  Alternatively you can begin the citation with the author's name.  Either format is correct.

No author:
United Nations. Feeding the World's Poor. New York: Taylor, 2000. Print.

United States. Cong. Joint Committee on Terrorism. Hearings. 81st Cong., 1st sess. 14 vols. Washington: GPO, 2001. Print.

United States, U.S. Department of Education. No Child Left Behind. A Toolkit for Teachers. 2004. Web. 6 March 2007.

With author:
United States. U.S. Department of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency. Law Enforcement and Juvenile Crime. By Howard N. Snyder. Dec. 2001. Web. 29 June 2002.  OR

Snyder, Howard N. Law Enforcement and Juvenile Crime. United States Department of Justice. Office of Juvenile Crime, Dec. 2001. Web. 29 June 2008.



A citation for a pamphlet is just like a citation for a book.

Exercise & Eating Well: Create Healthy Habits Without Changing Your Whole Life. New Orleans: Syndistar, 2003. Print.